First of all, sustainable architecture is one that takes into account the environmental impact and energy, in all its phases. From the design of the building, the choice of materials and their construction, to their energy efficiency during their life cycle and even later, when the demolition should proceed.
Therefore, sustainable architecture is a way of conceiving the exercise of architecture itself, rather than a style. This type of architecture is green architecture or ecological architecture. The reason behind it is because the buildings and materials are efficient in their management of natural resources.
Principles Of Sustainable Architecture
Buildings considered as ecological or sustainable are characterized by:
Take into account the weather conditions to impact as little as possible on the ecosystem.
Optimization of construction resources and materials, that is, that they are efficient in terms of their energy content.
Moreover, consider the energy balance of the building as a whole, taking into account the design, construction, materials, life cycle, and demolition, to try to minimize waste and emissions.
Integration of systems that help reduce energy consumption in the building, mainly using renewable energy, such as solar or wind, for heating and cooling, and also for general electricity supply.
Increase the quality of life of the occupants of the buildings and meet all the requirements of comfort in terms of lighting, habitability, health.
Green architecture does not have to be at odds with economic efficiency or quality of life. It seeks to achieve more sustainability at the lowest possible price while respecting both nature and people. The ultimate goal is to guarantee more well-being for citizens but also for future generations.
In short, sustainable architecture integrates both the technology necessary to reduce the environmental impact, as well as functional and/or aesthetic aspects and the integration into the natural environment of the building. That is sustainability without forgetting that buildings must be comfortable for their inhabitants and not need an exorbitant budget.
Indicators Of Sustainable Architecture Construction
To determine if we are talking about sustainable architecture projects, we can look at aspects such as:
Furthermore, the materials should be as natural and lasting possible, if possible, recycled resources must be used and can be reused, one of the main synonyms for sustainability.
Energy consumption should be minimized, both in all phases of the construction of buildings and during the life of their use. It is advisable to thermally insulate the building to avoid energy losses and use renewable energy sources, such as solar energy.
The waste generated, both in construction and by the building’s own activity, will find its management by giving them an alternative use.
Moreover, the degree of satisfaction of people who live or are near the building of the house should be higher, with the least possible impact in terms of emissions harmful to the environment or people.
Vertical Gardens In Sustainable Architecture
However, vertical gardens are very convenient systems to develop ecological architecture projects. The installation of green facades is very common in this type of green or sustainable construction because several of the principles of ecological architecture met, as can happen with solar energy.