Le Corbusier established the 5 points of the new architecture, five concepts that revolutionized the design of homes and buildings.
Among the many architects who have left works in different cities and places around the world, there are some whose works stand out the most. This happens because, in one way or another, they created something original, because they influenced a group with new ideas or simply because they expressed a new way of seeing and doing things. Among these is Le Corbusier, one of the best known and renowned architects in the history of modern architecture.
He, besides being an excellent architect, was a great architectural theorist. He always proposed clearly that, in addition to knowing how to create and make good buildings, it was necessary to be able to explain them and transmit them to other professionals and students. In this way, he prepared many documents during his life, among which the one related to “the five points of the new architecture” stands out.
For the Swiss-French architect, the issue of standardized and massive housing was crucial for the development of the 5 points.
The First Attempt
The first attempt to address the problem of mass housing was Maisons Citrohan, designed between 1920 and 1922.
In this case, all parts of the house are joined by a space continuum, while the open space created by the piloti and the flat roof Increase the available area.
Subsequently, Le Corbusier reached 5 points, first applied in the famous Ville Savoye(1929), one of the projects that marked the beginning of a revolution in modern architecture.
Here we have an explanation for beginners. In the following video, Andrea Stinga explains them in detail:
What were the five points of architecture? Here we review them:
Le Corbusier- Elevated Buildings On Pilotis
The surface at ground level must be occupied by the movement of the car, the protagonist of the public space in the industrial era, or by the continuity of the green.
The structure must be placed on the perimeter of the project so that it does not interfere with the interior design.
The structure is blank from the front line to allow greater compositional freedom.
The opening extends throughout the facade, guaranteeing an optimal level of lighting for the entire interior.
Le Corbusier- Terrace-Garden
The amount of natural space that a building occupies when it is built must find its route back to nature with the creation of a garden on the roof of the building.
Le Corbusier established his concept of housing as standardized, mass-produced and useful as the modern car. All these points clearly define the architectural concept of Le Corbusier. Anyone who knows these points can immediately identify if an architect got inspiration from him or not.
In the same way that occurs with the work of Le Corbusier, when you have a definite idea of the architectural work that you want to execute, it can receive recognition later by those who observe the elements of the city.