Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles I Amazing Facts

Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles


Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles

Greek architecture is what is produced by Greek-speaking peoples, such as the Hellenic people. The Greek buildings were built to suit mankind. They were buildings designed to be admired from the outside, giving greater importance to the exteriors than to the interiors. The Greeks always took pains in public buildings, giving little importance to the home, with temples and shrines being the most constructed buildings.

The Greek buildings were built to suit man. They were designed to be admired from the outside, which is why they give more importance to the exteriors and not to the interiors. The Greeks always took pains in public buildings, since they did not give importance to the home.  They were always based on the whole concept.

Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles
Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles

Main Characteristics Of Greek Architecture

  • The basic element is the column. It is an essential element of the aesthetics of his art.
  • The Greek architecture is fundamentally adentellada, dominating the straight lines, both horizontal and vertical, do not use the vault.
  • It is monumental without becoming colossal like Egypt.
  • It has a very balanced architectural style; everything has a measure, a canon.
  • It is architecture with great perfection and harmony, making it beautiful.
  • Its constructions always carry decorative elements, such as borders, rosettes, ovals, pearls.

Used Materials

The buildings, especially the temples, were polychrome and the bottom of the metopes was green and the triplets blue. The materials frequently find its use were wood, agglomerate, for supports and ceilings. Then they made with more suffered and durable materials, uncooked brick for the walls, especially houses. Later they used limestone and marble, for columns, walls and raised portions of temples and public buildings; terracotta, for ornaments; and metals, especially bronze, for decorative details, using adobe for the poorest and unimportant constructions.

Column Styles

Moreover, in Greek architecture the element considered basic is the Column, considering it as an essential element of the aesthetics of its Greek art, dividing Greek architecture into three orders:

  • Doric order: the Doric column is the simplest of all, has no base. The shaft has stretch marks of live edges, and at the foot of the shaft, we find the collar. Its capital has two main parts: abacus and equine. It is a plain style without decoration.
  • Ionic order: the Ionic column, they have a more sterilized style and the shaft has flat edges. The capital represents the hairstyle of a woman and consists of three parts: the abacus, the horse and the scrolls. More decorative elements are available in this style.
  • Corinthian order: It is very similar to the Ionian. They only differ in the capital of the column and not widely used by the Greeks. It is due to the fact that it emerged in the Hellenistic era, but it will be widely used by the Romans.
Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles
Greek Architecture Features And Column Styles

Conclusion

The lectures were places that find their use to practice fighting. They live close to gyms that complemented each other to train athletes.

However, the athletes who would then demonstrate their physical potential in stadiums such as Olympia, the cradle of the Games. The bouleuterion are constructions like bleachers forming an open square by one of their sides habitually. It was the place where the boulé met or council of the 400 created by Solon in 594 BC. They also built odeons and theatres. However, they closely resemble what we use today for the same function, a stage focused stage where they present from plays to concerts through poetry recitals. Even a union of these arts was a great show. Though, the difference between theatre and odeon is that the latter are usually smaller and are roofed, either completely or partially.

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